Archive for the ETL Category

ODI KMs for HFM 11.1.2.4

Posted in 11.1.1.9.0, ACE, Configuration, DEVEPM, ETL, Hacking, HFM, Knowledge Models, ODI, ODI 11g, ODI Architecture, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , on March 3, 2017 by RZGiampaoli

Hi guys how are you? Today we are proud to announce that we are making available the ODI KMs for HFM 11.1.2.4.

—- EDITED on June/17 —-

We developed these KMs around 6 months ago, but we were waiting to release them together with an article that we wrote for Oracle.

Since OTN had some “Priority changes”, our article was postponed to later this year. As we had some people asking for these KMs we decide to release the KMs now and when the article is published we will let you guys know as well.

The article is live here! And if you guys are having errors with our KMs, please check our troubleshooting post here.

—- EDITED on June/17 —-

Prior to version 11.1.2.4, ODI could be easily used for HFM integration processes. ODI used its KMs with specific HFM drivers (HFMDriver.dll) provided by Oracle that were used to access and manipulate HFM applications. However, on HFM’s latest version, Oracle decided to remove its support for ODI, meaning that all HFM integrations would have to move from ODI to either manual iteration with HFM, usage of another integration tool (Like FDMEE) or create custom code using the new Java HFM API.

Since we didn’t want to re-write all our ODI environment and also none of the above options are robust enough, we decided to recreate the ODI KMs using Java HFM API. For these KMs to work we need to do two things: import them from ODI Java Net and do some setup in the ODI agent.

In the article we explain all options and how do we came up with this solution, but here we will not talk about it since we want you guys to read our article as well and we can’t use the content of the article here since we already signed an exclusivity agreement with Oracle.

The first part is easy and you just need to download the files from the link below

ODI KMS for HFM 11.1.2.4

The second one is more difficult. We need to make the new HFM Jars available to the ODI Agent and in order to do so we have two options:

Install the agent in the HFM machine OR copy the necessary jar files to the agent drivers folder (oracledi\agent\drivers).

If your architecture allows to have both HFM and ODI agent in the same server, then you may use this approach, which is very simple. The only thing to do is to change odiparams file (oracledi\agent\bin\odiparams.bat file in a standalone agent) and add the location of those three HFM jar files. Open odiparams.bat file and search for “ODI_ADDITIONAL_CLASSPATH”. On that setting, just set the location of the HFM jar files, as below (this is just an example. Please adjust the path accordingly to your environment):

set ODI_ADDITIONAL_CLASSPATH=%ODI_ADDITIONAL_CLASSPATH%;

“D:\Oracle\Middleware\EPMSystem11R1\common\jlib\11.1.2.0\epm_j2se.jar”;

“D:\Oracle\Middleware\EPMSystem11R1\common\jlib\11.1.2.0\epm_thrift.jar”;

“D:\Oracle\Middleware\EPMSystem11R1\common\jlib\11.1.2.0\epm_hfm_server.jar”

Save the file, restart the ODI agent and it is done

If you decide to go with the second option, we’ll provide a list of all the necessary jars (be prepared… it’s huge). In the article we explain how to identify all the necessary jar files in a systematic way but here this is not an option as explained before.

Search for all the Jars in the below list and copy all of them under oracledi\agent\drivers folder.

adm.jar
admaps.jar
admodbo.jar
ap.jar
ArtifactListing.jar
audit-client.jar
axiom-api-1.2.10.jar
axiom-impl-1.2.10.jar
axis-ant.jar
axis-jaxrpc-1.2.1.jar
axis.jar
axis2-adb-1.5.4.jar
axis2-kernel-1.5.4.jar
axis2-transport-http-1.5.4.jar
axis2-transport-local-1.5.4.jar
backport-util-concurrent.jar
broker-provider.jar
bsf.jar
castor-1.3.1-core.jar
castor-1.3.1.jar
com.bea.core.apache.commons.collections_3.2.0.jar
com.bea.core.apache.commons.net_1.0.0.0_1-4-1.jar
com.bea.core.apache.commons.pool_1.3.0.jar
com.bea.core.apache.log4j_1.2.13.jar
com.bea.core.apache.regexp_1.0.0.0_1-4.jar
com.bea.core.apache.xalan_2.7.0.jar
com.bea.core.apache.xml.serializer_2.7.0.jar
com.oracle.ws.orawsdl_1.4.0.0.jar
commons-cli-1.1.jar
commons-codec-1.4.jar
commons-compress-1.5.jar
commons-configuration-1.5.jar
commons-dbcp-1.4.0.jar
commons-discovery-0.4.jar
commons-el.jar
commons-fileupload-1.2.jar
commons-httpclient-3.1.jar
commons-io-1.4.jar
commons-lang-2.3.jar
commons-validator-1.3.1.jar
cpld.jar
css.jar
cssimportexport.jar
ctg.jar
ctg_custom.jar
dms.jar
epml.jar
epm_axis.jar
epm_hfm_web.jar
epm_j2se.jar
epm_jrf.jar
epm_lcm.jar
epm_misc.jar
epm_stellant.jar
epm_thrift.jar
essbaseplugin.jar
essbasestudioplugin.jar
ess_es_server.jar
ess_japi.jar
fm-actions.jar
fm-adm-driver.jar
fm-web-objectmodel.jar
fmcommon.jar
fmw_audit.jar
glassfish.jstl_1.2.0.1.jar
hssutil.jar
httpcore-4.0.jar
identitystore.jar
identityutils.jar
interop-sdk.jar
jacc-spi.jar
jakarta-commons.jar
javax.activation_1.1.jar
javax.mail_1.4.jar
javax.security.jacc_1.0.0.0_1-1.jar
jdom.jar
jmxspi.jar
jps-api.jar
jps-common.jar
jps-ee.jar
jps-internal.jar
jps-mbeans.jar
jps-unsupported-api.jar
jps-wls.jar
js.jar
json.jar
jsr173_1.0_api.jar
lcm-clu.jar
lcmclient.jar
LCMXMLBeans.jar
ldapbp.jar
ldapjclnt11.jar
libthrift-0.9.0.jar
log4j-1.2.14.jar
lucene-analyzers-1.9.1.jar
lucene-core-1.9.1.jar
lucene-spellchecker-1.9.1.jar
neethi-2.0.4.jar
ojdbc6dms.jar
ojdl.jar
opencsv-1.8.jar
oraclepki.jar
org.apache.commons.beanutils_1.8.3.jar
org.apache.commons.digester_1.8.jar
org.apache.commons.logging_1.1.1.jar
osdt_cert.jar
osdt_core.jar
osdt_xmlsec.jar
quartz.jar
registration_xmlBeans.jar
registry-api.jar
resolver.jar
saaj.jar
scheduler_ces.jar
servlet-api.jar
slf4j-api-1.5.8.jar
slf4j-log4j12-1.5.8.jar
sourceInfo.jar
stax-api-1.0.1.jar
wf_ces_utils.jar
wf_eng_agent.jar
wf_eng_api.jar
wf_eng_server.jar
wldb2.jar
wlpool.jar
wlsqlserver.jar
wsplugin.jar
xbean.jar
xmlparserv2.jar
xmlpublic.jar
xmlrpc-2.0.1.jar
XmlSchema-1.3.1.jar

Restart the ODI agent and it should be ready to execute any HFM Java code inside of ODI.

I know that this is a lot of jars and will take some time to find all of them but at least you’ll be able to upgrade you HFM and still use the same interfaces you have today in ODI to manage HFM (just remember to use the new data store objects reversed from the new RKM).

The KM usage is very similar to the old ones and we had the instructions in all its options so we’ll not explain then here (just in the article). The only important difference is on how to setup the “Cluster (Data Server)” information on Data Server (Physical Architecture). For the new HFM API, we need to inform two new settings: Oracle Home and Oracle Instance Paths. Those paths are related to the server where your HFM application is installed. These settings will be used internally in HFM API to figure out all HFM information related to that specific HFM instance.

Due to these two new settings and in order to continue to accommodate all connection information within a single place (ODI Topology), “Cluster (Data Server)” was overloaded to receive three settings instead of just one, separating them by colon. So now “Cluster (Data Server)” receives “dataServerName:oracleHomePath:oracleInstancePath” instead of just dataServerName.

data-server

Having those considerations in mind, it is just a matter to create a new Data Server and set the overloaded “Cluster (Data Server)” information and the user/password that ODI will use to access the HFM application. After that, we just need to create a Physical Schema with the name of the HFM application, a new Logical Schema and associate that to a context.

And that is it, you guys are ready to upgrade your HFM environment and still use your old ODI interface to maintain HFM. If you guys have any doubts/suggestions about the KMs please few free to contact us.

If you guys are having errors with our KMs, please check our troubleshooting post here.

I hope you guys enjoy these KMs. See you soon!

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ODI 12c new features: Dimension and Cubes! Part 4 (Loading using Surrogate Keys)

Posted in Dimensions, ETL, ODI 12c, ODI Architecture, ODI Mapping, Oracle, Tips and Tricks with tags , , , , , on December 16, 2016 by RZGiampaoli

Hi guys how are you?

Today we’ll continue the dimension and cubes series (Part 1, Part2 and Part 3 here) and we’ll see how to load data using Surrogate keys.

After all the setting done in the last post, now the only thing left is to create the interfaces and map everything. For the Surrogate keys, the interface and the mapping are exactly the same as for no-surrogate version (as we can see in the previous posts) for both, dimensions and facts, what’s very nice.

times-surrogate-interfaceThe interesting here is what he does behind the scenes. In the no-surrogate version ODI created one mapping for each hierarchy and in the end it merged everything together inside a table.

no-surrogate-time-operatorFor the Surrogate key version, ODI also generates one mapping for each hierarchy but the main difference is that after each one he merges it witch the others. This happens because he needs to get the surrogate key for each level.

time-surrogate-operator

For each level ODI automatically generates an insert into that level stage table verifying if all the columns does not exists in the target table (He does that to decrease the amount of data for the merge step since merge would insert or update everything and would take more time than necessary).

After the stage table is loaded the next step is to merge the stage table to the target table, and for that ODI just create a “Merge”: when match he updates the descriptions or attributes and when doesn’t match it inserts the new rows with the sequences for the SK.

In the next level of the hierarchy ODI repeats the process but joining the Year with the Quarter. ODI will keep doing this for each level mapped until the last one, where instead of having a merge with matches and not matches, he just do a merge with Matches (since he know everything will already be there).

The results will be this:

time-surrogate-table-results

It’s nice that ODI already creates the dimension thinking in an aggregated fact since we can see that he has some rows just with the year, other with the year and quarters and the last one with all the information.

One thing to notice is that the PK is the same as the Month SK. This is because ODI is ready to create SCD type 2 (we’ll do another post to show how it works).

For the fact, the mapping will still be the same as the No-surrogate version and again the difference will be in the results.

fact-surrogate-interface

We can see that in the operator ODI does something really neat this time.

fact-surrogate-operator

MERGE INTO EPM_HPT_ODI_RUN.S_FACT FACT_SURROGATE1_FACT_SURROGATE USING
(SELECT TIME_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGAT_1.MONTH_SK AS ID_TIME ,
PRODUCT_SURROGATE_FACT_SURRO_1.PRODUCT_SK AS ID_PRODUCTS ,
REGIONS_SURROGATE_FACT_SURRO_1.CITY_SK AS ID_REGIONS ,
SRC_ERP.SALES AS METRIC
FROM ((EPM_HPT_ODI_RUN.SRC_ERP SRC_ERP
LEFT OUTER JOIN
(SELECT TIME_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGATE.ID_MONTH AS ID_MONTH ,
TIME_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGATE.MONTH_SK AS MONTH_SK ,
TIME_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGATE.TIME_PK AS TIME_PK
FROM EPM_HPT_ODI_RUN.S_TIME TIME_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGATE
WHERE ((TIME_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGATE.TIME_PK = TIME_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGATE.MONTH_SK)
AND (TIME_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGATE.MONTH_SK IS NOT NULL) )
) TIME_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGAT_1
ON (SRC_ERP.ID_MONTH = TIME_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGAT_1.ID_MONTH) )
LEFT OUTER JOIN
(SELECT PRODUCT_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA.ID_PRODUCT AS ID_PRODUCT ,
PRODUCT_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA.PRODUCT_SK AS PRODUCT_SK ,
PRODUCT_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA.PRODUCTS_PK AS PRODUCTS_PK
FROM EPM_HPT_ODI_RUN.S_PRODUCTS PRODUCT_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA
WHERE ((PRODUCT_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA.PRODUCTS_PK = PRODUCT_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA.PRODUCT_SK)
AND (PRODUCT_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA.PRODUCT_SK IS NOT NULL) )
) PRODUCT_SURROGATE_FACT_SURRO_1
ON (SRC_ERP.ID_PRODUCT = PRODUCT_SURROGATE_FACT_SURRO_1.ID_PRODUCT) )
LEFT OUTER JOIN
(SELECT REGIONS_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA.ID_CITY AS ID_CITY ,
REGIONS_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA.CITY_SK AS CITY_SK ,
REGIONS_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA.REGIONS_PK AS REGIONS_PK
FROM EPM_HPT_ODI_RUN.S_REGIONS REGIONS_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA
WHERE ((REGIONS_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA.REGIONS_PK = REGIONS_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA.CITY_SK)
AND (REGIONS_SURROGATE_FACT_SURROGA.CITY_SK IS NOT NULL) )
) REGIONS_SURROGATE_FACT_SURRO_1
ON (SRC_ERP.ID_CITY = REGIONS_SURROGATE_FACT_SURRO_1.ID_CITY)
) MERGE_SUBQUERY ON ( FACT_SURROGATE1_FACT_SURROGATE.ID_TIME = MERGE_SUBQUERY.ID_TIME AND FACT_SURROGATE1_FACT_SURROGATE.ID_PRODUCTS = MERGE_SUBQUERY.ID_PRODUCTS AND FACT_SURROGATE1_FACT_SURROGATE.ID_REGIONS = MERGE_SUBQUERY.ID_REGIONS )
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN
INSERT
(
ID_TIME ,
ID_PRODUCTS ,
ID_REGIONS ,
METRIC
)
VALUES
(
MERGE_SUBQUERY.ID_TIME ,
MERGE_SUBQUERY.ID_PRODUCTS ,
MERGE_SUBQUERY.ID_REGIONS ,
MERGE_SUBQUERY.METRIC
)
WHEN MATCHED THEN
UPDATE SET METRIC = MERGE_SUBQUERY.METRIC

He automatically joins all our dimensions at level zero (since we have the dimensions in the higher levels for the aggregated fact) to get the surrogate key information and use it in the fact table. This is very nice because in large DWs we’ll have tons of dimensions, and map/join everything is very time consuming. The final results is this:

fact-surrgoate-sql-results

A perfect DW created using surrogate key, in other words, instead of having the dimensions PKs in the fact table we have the SKs (that ware generated by a sequence in the dimensions).

In resume, we think that if you going to create simple dimensions and simple facts (without surrogate key or SCD type 2) it’s still nice to use this new feature since it’s a nice way to document and standardize your DW, but if we measure by development time it’s not worthy since it’s very time consuming for simple DW.

Now, if you want to create a DW using surrogate keys or SCD type 2 we found this new feature extremely useful for both, documentation and standardizations and because is a lot faster than do manually.

Thanks and see you soon.

ODI 12c new features: Dimension and Cubes! Part 3 (Settings for Surrogate Keys)

Posted in Cubes, Dimensions, ETL, ODI, ODI 12c with tags , , on November 24, 2016 by radk00

Hi all! First of all, sorry for the delay. We really wished to have published the rest of this series earlier, but we are overwhelmed by projects, which keep us very busy. So let’s not waste time and go directly to what matters. I really recommend you to ready part 1 and part 2 (if you didn’t already) because we will assume some things here that were already done, so we don’t keep repeating ourselves.

Today’s post is how to setup ODI dimension objects to work with Surrogate Keys. In the first post we said that there was a bug in ODI 12c that was preventing us to create dimensions with SKs. We opened an SR with Oracle and it turned out that it was not a bug, but it was some missing configurations that were not enabling us to create the objects in the right way. So, apologies to Oracle 🙂 I hope this post may explain those little specific setups, so other people does not fall on the same mistakes that we did when we tried to create these dimensions.

First let’s begin with the DB script for this example. Our source tables will remain the same as the previous example (SRC_* tables). Our stage tables will be different and we will use the STG*S tables for this example. The final dimension/fact tables will be the S* tables found below.

surrogate-script

1

Also, please create the following Native Sequences that will be used to create our SK values:

1-1

1-2

Let’s talk a little about the SK setup requirements. There are some key points that were not clear in Oracle’s documentation and that’s why we were not able to complete it successfully. After talking to Oracle Support, we got the following key requirements to make SK setup to work:

  • Each level of the dimension must have its own Natural Key and Surrogate Key columns. The SK column MUST be different to the PK of the dimension (this is very important. This was the wrong setup that we were trying to do and it was failing). This allows ODI to manage SCD type 2 changes that occur across a hierarchy (while not applicable to a Time dimension it still needs to be setup that way);
  • The dimension MUST have a Primary key defined on it;
  • Each staging table for each level MUST include all the attributes of any level above it in the hierarchy (MONTH must have all attributes of QUARTER and YEAR). The easiest way to accomplish this is to just create the staging tables to have all the attributes of the dimension. (But you may create only the needed ones. The scripts in this post only contain the necessary attributes);

Let’s get as example S_TIME table. It contains the following columns:

2

S_TIME has three levels and for each level we are going to have:

  • One attribute for each member name (YEAR, QUARTER and MONTH);
  • One ID (that will be setup as Natural Keys) for each member level (ID_YEAR, ID_QUARTER and ID_MONTH);
  • One SK for each member level (YEAR_SK, QUARTER_SK and MONTH_SK);
  • And finally the tables PK – TIME_PK;

After you run this ODI component (in our fourth post), you will notice that some information gets replicated on IDs and SKs. It may seem odd for you, but it is actually correct, since those objects are prepared to handle SCD2 type of data, so even if you don’t use it right now, you’ll need to setup them this way on your ODI dimensions (the good thing is that, if you decide later on to use SCD2, then the setup will be already done for you).

Now let’s create the TIME_SURROGATE dimension as below:

3

For level Month, do the following setup:

4

Quarter:

5

Year:

6

On Hierarchies tab, do the following setup:

7

For the other two dimensions, the process is very similar, so I’ll not add screenshots here. For the Cube setting, it is exactly as we did for the cube in the first post:

8

9

And that’s it, we are ready to load those components using Mappings. Our fourth post will show you the differences when using SK models and the benefits that it may bring to you.

See you soon!

ODI 12c new features: Dimension and Cubes! Part 2 (Loading using Natural Keys)

Posted in Cubes, Dimensions, ETL, New Features, ODI 12c, ODI Architecture with tags , , , , , on September 14, 2016 by radk00

Hi all, let’s continue with our posts regarding “ODI 12c new features: Dimension and Cubes”. As stated in the previous post, we can have two ways to build our new objects: with natural keys or with surrogate keys. Today’s post will focus on loading the dimensions and fact tables that where created using natural keys (please see our previous post for all the settings required for those objects).

Let’s begin loading our TIME dimension (which was mapped to our TIME Oracle table). This dimension will have information from three different source tables: SRC_YEAR, SRC_QUARTER and SRC_MONTH. Each of them has information regarding each TIME hierarchy level, so all of them needs to be loaded in order to have a complete hierarchy in our final table.

The load process is very easy and intuitive: first create a new mapping and drag and drop the TIME dimension to it. Then, just add the three source tables, map to its correspondent level in the TIME dimension and that’s it. A very cool thing here is that ODI understands each level as a “separate” table/process, so you don’t need to join your source tables before actually loading it to the target dimension. In other words, ODI allows you to have any kind of complex ETL to each dimension level and each level will be treated as “separate” data loads that will be glued together by the hierarchy setting that you mapped in the TIME dimension object. Here is what it looks like:

blog1

blog2

blog3

blog4

When you execute the mapping we are going to see that the first “MAP_BEGIN” section will try to create and truncate our stage tables that were set in our dimension object. Here is an odd thing (as we also mentioned in the last post): We could not understand yet why ODI “forces” you to have the stage tables created prior to execution (so you can select them in the Dimension object), as it could very well create them for you (like it does for C$ and I$ tables). I know that Oracle may had a reason behind it, but as for now, the entire “stage tables” thing seems an unnecessary setup. Anyway, the important thing here is that ODI will truncate the stage tables before any new execution.

blog5

In the “MAP_MAIN” section is where it gets interesting. We can see here how ODI threats this new dimension object: each level has its own ETL, as we can see that it is loading YEAR, QUARTER and MONTH separately. First YEAR step will load its source to its stage table STG_YEAR, then QUARTER step will join the information from its source table plus STG_YEAR to its STG_QUARTER table. Finally, MONTH step, that is our leaf/grain level, will join its source table plus STG_QUARTER table (which is already joined with YEAR source) and merge it all together in our final table TIME. The result will look like below:

blog6

Since we are not using Surrogate keys here, our Dimension table will contain only the grain/leaf members with all Natural Keys and its attributes for all levels that exists in the dimension. So one row will contain all information regarding all levels that it belongs to. When we create the mappings for the other two dimensions (they’re very similar, so I’m not adding them here) and execute them, we will get the following results:

blog7

blog8

Let’s to go our Fact table load. This one is way too simple, since our source table already contains all the Natural Keys that will be the ones that will also exist in our FACT table (remember, we are not dealing with Surrogate Keys in this example). Here we just need to map each NK to its respective dimension column and also our Measure data and execute the mapping.

blog9

blog10

When we take a look in Operator, we are going to see a single merge command in our Fact table, where ODI will use all dimensions to search if that row already exists in our FACT table. If it exists, the measure column is update, otherwise it is inserted.

blog11

The final result is below: as expected, all Natural Keys from our dimensions were inserted in the Fact table, together with our measure.

blog12

Now you may be wondering, why should I use these new features if it seems a lot of work (settings) for a little gain? Well, using ODI for Natural Key’s only is really not worth it, since the only benefit here seems to be ODI loading the dimensions levels all at once, with different sources/ETL, in a single mapping object, which is a very cool feature, since it enables us to better organize our DW objects and have a clear view on our ETL logic. But again, this is too little for the amount of work that we need to do to get there. But don’t worry, it will get way better when we start to work with Surrogate Keys, since ODI will be able to abstract all the Surrogate Key management and you will start to feel that all the necessary settings will finally be worth the work.

That’s it for today folks! We will be releasing the Surrogate Key settings and load posts very soon, so stay tuned in our blog! See ya!

ODI 12c new features: Dimension and Cubes! Part 1 (Settings)…

Posted in ACE, Configuration, Cubes, Dimensions, ETL, New Features, ODI, ODI 12c, ODI Architecture, ODI Mapping, Tips and Tricks with tags , , , , , , , , on August 19, 2016 by RZGiampaoli

Today we’ll talk a little bit about the new feature introduced in ODI 12.2.1.1.0, Dimension and Cubes!

As everybody already know, Oracle is slowly merging OWB within ODI and in each release we can see a new feature from OWB arriving in ODI. This time were the Dimension and Cubes feature.

This feature helps you to create a DW based in a configuration that you do. Basically there is a new component in ODI that helps you to define the datastore to be mapped. Also, after you create all dimensions (that is the most time consuming part in the process), the cube or fact table creation and mapping is a lot easier than do it manually.

Right now there is just one type of dimension available (Star schema level based dimension), but in the future other kinds will be supported like snow flake and others.

Ok, let’s start. There’re two ways to build a star dimension in ODI: with natural key’s (where the natural key is stored in the FACT table) and with surrogate keys (where the surrogate key is stored in the FACT table). In this post we’ll cover how we create a DW using the natural key process since the surrogate key one is buggy (the interface fails on saving the surrogate key) and we have openned a SR with Oracle to get it fixed. As soon we have the fix we’ll cover that too here in the blog.

In the Designer tab we can now see that we have a new tab called Dimensions and Cubes.

1-Dimension and Cubes

Opening that tab you will find a blank area, you need to click the button in the “Dimension and Cubes” tab, and you can create a new DM or DW.

2-DW creation

By the way, here’s the first small bug. For some reason when you write the name you want, ODI does not fill automatically the code field (as it always do for all the other objects in ODI), then you need to manually insert a code there. Remember, no spaces and no special character.

After that we can expand it and see the Dimension and the Cube node.

3-DW creation

Right click on those and we can create a new Dimension or Cube. As everybody knows, the dimension comes first since we need them to maintain the data integrity of the cube.

4-Dimension Definition

Here you can give any name you want for the dimension. Also you have a Pattern Name (that has just one option by now) and in the side tabs we have all possible options for the Dimension, Levels and Hierarchies, that we’ll cover later.

There are two more option here: the Datastore, that is the target dimension datastore where all metadata will flow and the Surrogate key Sequence that you need to set in case you want to create a dim using surrogate key (We’ll cover this later since we have a bug here).

In our case we’ll have three dimensions and one cube. (Time, Products, Regions and Fact). Both the source and the targets tables were generated by me with dummy data, just for this post. If you want to replicate this example, the scripts are here:

No surrogate Script

Let’s create the Time dimension. Click in the “Levels” in the left side tabs and you will see a big screen in three big sessions: Levels, Levels Attributes and Parent Level References.

5-Level Canvas

Let’s begin with the level configuration. Clicking in the Plus Sign button will create a Level.

6-Level Creation

I always like to rename the Level to something more meaningful like “Year” but if you like you can keep as default. By the default the target datastore comes automatically mapped since you define it in the previous screen. The only thing left here is to define the “Staging Datasore”.

This is something that we didn’t understood why it was made in this way since ODI could create automatically based in the definitions we had in the previous step or even with the interface configuration.

Anyway, what we need to do is create the stage tables for each level, and for that we have a few approaches we can do here:

  1. We can create another table exactly in the same way of the target table (needs to be a new table because the way ODI integrates the data. We’ll cover that latter).
  2. We can create, in this case, 3 tables, one for Year (same way as the source table is), and one for Quarter (same way of the source plus all columns from the Year table) and one for Month (same way of the source plus Quarter and Year columns).
  3. And we can duplicate the sources or the target datastore and do the changes above (in the 2 approach).

With the Stage datastores created (manually or by reverse) we just need to click in the “…” button and choose it from the list. Now we just need to repeat the step 2 more times for the other levels:

7-Level Canvas mapps

After we associate the source datastores and the stage datastores it’s time to create the attributes and ID’s for each level. For this you just need to click in the Year level and click in the Plus Sign button below:

8-Level attibutes config

Here we need to create all the attributes for this level and the natural key for that level as well. (We have the option to create slowly change dimensions here, but this will be covered in a future post!)

For each attribute you need to Plus Sign and fill the name of the attribute, set the data type (yes it not get automatically….) and select the Stage attribute (click in the “…” button and select it).

After all Attributes and ID’s we need to click in the below Plus Sign to set the natural key of that level. Just select in the list available.

After that, we just need to repeat for all the other 2 levels that we’ll have in this dimension.

With this done, the last step for this tab is to create the relationship between one level and its parent level. For this, highlight each level again, in this case we’ll start from bottom up, then let’s start clicking in the Month level and click on Plus Sign button below. Here we just need to say that for the Month level his reference parent will be Quarter. To set this we just need to select the Quarter level from the drop box and select eh foreign key from the drop box as well. Do that again for the Quarter level and reference it to the Year level. We don’t need to create any reference for the Year since it has no parent.

9 Parent Level References

As you can see, after the level configuration, everything you need to do is click in buttons and select from drop box or from “…” Screen (other than rename the defaults values if you like).
For last but not least, we need to click in the tab Hierarchies on the left tabs to enable us create a new hierarchy.

This is something fun. We can create multiple hierarchies inside the target table as well as skip level and some other features that we’ll cover in another post. For now let’s stay with a single hierarchy.

10-hierarchy

Here we need just to create the hierarchy by clicking in the Plus Sign button, give a name for the hierarchy and then click in the plus button bellow and add all the levels for the hierarchy. The order doesn’t matter, the idea here is that you can have multiple hierarchies with different levels in each one. For example, we could have a hierarchy called Full_Time with Year->Quarter->Month and another Hierarchy called Small_Time with just Year->Month. ODI would know based in the configurations we did, how to handle the data. Nice.

Also we can set skip level for each level we defined.

We are done with the dimension settings. I know it’s a lot of settings and some of you could be thinking (as we thought, this is a lot more work than if I create manually), but believe me, after you get used, you can do it in a reasonable time and the cube part is worthy.

Now we just need to repeat the process for all the other 2 dimension and them we finally start the cube settings:

11-Cube

To start the same thing as the dimension, Right click in the Cubes node and new.

12-Cube definition

In this screen we need to give a name for the cube, select a pattern name (Same as Dimension, just one option here for now) and do a biding to the target datastore.
After that we just need to click in the Detail tab in the left menu and start to configure our fact table.

12-Cube config

As I said in the beginning, here’s where the use of this components pays off. To configure a cube we just need click in the Plus Sign button and add all dimension we have, in this case our three dimensions. Then we just need to select the level we want to join our Fact table with our dimensions and bind the keys from the fact and that dimension.

For the last but not the least we just need to create by Plus Sign the measures that the Fact table will have. Same as the attributes in the dimensions: Name of the measure, Datatype and the column that will receive the data.

And that’s it. We are all set to move to the Mappings. Since this is already a huge post, I’ll stop this one now and will start a new post just for the Mappings, since I want to analyze how ODI builds the queries and loads the data there.

Hope you guys enjoy this post and see you soon.

Let’s Join DEVEPM @ KSCOPE 16

Posted in ACE, EPM, Essbase, ETL, Hyperion Essbase, Hyperion Planning, InfraStructure, Kscope 16, ODI, ODI 10g, ODI 11g, ODI 12c, ODI Architecture, ODTUG, Oracle Database, OS Command, Performance, Tips and Tricks with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 5, 2016 by RZGiampaoli

Hi Guys how are you?

Just a quickly post about this year KSCOPE. This year we’ll have 2 excellent sessions:

Take a Peek at Dell’s Smart EPM Global Environment:

Ricardo Giampaoli , TeraCorp

Co-presenter(s): Rodrigo Radtke de Souza, Dell

When: Jun 27, 2016, Session 2, 10:15 am – 11:15 am

Topic: EPM Applications – Subtopic: Planning

In a fast-moving business environment, finance leaders are successfully leveraging technology advancements to transform their finance organizations and generate value for the business.
Oracle’s Enterprise Performance Management (EPM) applications are an integrated, modular suite that supports a broad range of strategic and financial performance management tools that help business to unlock their potential.

Dell’s global financial environment contains over 10,000 users around the world and relies on a range of EPM tools such as Hyperion Planning, Essbase, Smart View, DRM, and ODI to meet its needs.

This session shows the complexity of this environment, describing all relationships between those tools, the techniques used to maintain such a large environment in sync, and meeting the most varied needs from the different business and laws around the world to create a complete and powerful business decision engine that takes Dell to the next level. 

Incredible ODI Tips to Work with Hyperion Tools

Ricardo Giampaoli , TeraCorp

Co-presenter(s): Rodrigo Radtke de Souza, Dell

When: Jun 27, 2016, Session 6, 4:30 pm – 5:30 pm

Topic: EPM Platform – Subtopic: EPM Data Integration

ODI is an incredible and flexible development tool that goes beyond simple data integration. But most of its development power comes from outside-the-box ideas.

  • Did you ever want to dynamically run any number of “OS” commands using a single ODI component?
  • Did you ever want to have only one data store and loop different sources without the need of different ODI contexts?
  • Did you ever want to have only one interface and loop any number of ODI objects with a lot of control?
  • Did you ever need to have a “third command tab” in your procedures or KMs to improve ODI powers?
  • Do you still use an old version of ODI and miss a way to know the values of the variables in a scenario execution?
  • Did you know ODI has four “substitution tags”? And do you know how useful they are?
  • Do you use “dynamic variables” and know how powerful they can be?
  • Do you know how to have control over you ODI priority jobs automatically (stop, start, and restart scenarios)?

If you want to know the answer to all this questions, please join us in this session to learn the special secrets of ODI that will take your development skills to the next level.

Join us in KSCOPE 16 and book our 2 sessions in schedule. They will be very good sessions and I’m sure that you’ll learn some new stuff that will help you in your EPM Environment!

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