Archive for PL/SQL

Oracle SQL for EPM Tips and Tricks S01EP13

Posted in ACE, Data Warehouse, Hacking, Hyperion Planning, ODI, Oracle, Oracle 11.2.0, Oracle Database, SQL with tags , , , , , on April 1, 2020 by RZGiampaoli

Hey guys how are you? Let’s take a look today in the opposite of S01EP12 situation, in fact we’ll use the same example again to show how can we convert a string in a list of values in a easy and dynamic way, starting with this query here:

I’ll transform this query in a with and I’ll use REGEXP to put this back into a list of values. This is very useful when we extract metadata from essbase for example, because essbase exports the UDA’s as a list of values. Of coarse this has many uses other than this but let’s keep this one in mind.

Now what we need to do is to split the strings by comma in this case, then the idea is to count the amount of commas we have in a row and split the strings by that amount.

The idea here is to use the REGEXP_COUNT to count how many words we have in between the commas and then use it to multiply the rows in the CONNECT BY LEVEL. For example, if we have 3 words, the connect by will create 3 rows of the same row, one with the LEVEL = 1 another with the LEVEL =2 and the last one with LEVEL=3.

With that we just need to use the REGEXP_SUBSTR to extract the words based in the LEVEL, this way we’ll have the REGEXP_SUBSTR(STR, ‘[^,]+’, 1, LEVEL (that will be 1 for the first row, 2 for the second and 3 for the third one).

I hope this can be useful and see you soon.

Oracle SQL for EPM Tips and Tricks S01EP12

Posted in ACE, Data Extract, Hacking, Hyperion Planning, ODI, ODI 10g, ODI 11g, ODI 12c, Oracle, Oracle 11.2.0, Oracle 11.2.0.4, Oracle Database, SQL with tags , , , , , on March 31, 2020 by RZGiampaoli

Hey guys how are you keeping? I hope everybody is healthy and keep this way in this difficult times.

And to make our life less complicate, here’s another tip. Let’s talk about how to concatenate stuff in Oracle.

Imagine a simple case, we want to query the Planning repository to get the list of UDA’s a member have. We can easily do that by query the HSP_OBJECT, HSP_MEMBER_TO_UDA and HSP_UDA tables.

I’m filtering just 3 products to make it easier for us to see. The results shows that each project has a different number of UDA’s, and we never know how many it’ll be, then the easiest way to concatenate them is to use the command LISTAGG (or WM_CONCAT if you are in a DB version prior to 11.1).

The command is very simple LISTAGG(Column, Separator) WITHIN GROUP (ORDER BY column). As we can see the command allow us to select the separator we want (can be comma or any string really) as well to order the results by another column). Let’s take a look in the example above.

As you can see, it easily create a list split my comma (as specified) for me, and the nice thing about it is that I don’t need to do any string treatment if return null or if I have just one string on it and things like that.

This is an extremely good Function and we heavily use it in ODI to generate dynamic code because its simplicity, for example, we can generate a SQL statement on the fly using the command on source and command on target:

With this results we can easily pass this info to the command on target to generate a dynamic query where ODI will replace the columns we got in the target as well the table name and will also loop for each row we have in the source. This is very handy.

And for the ones that are not in the ORACLE 11.2 and ahead, we can still do that using WM_CONCAT. Is not as powerful as LISTAGG, but works pretty well. Let’s try the first example again:

I cannot show you the results since WM_CONCAT was decommissioned in the 12c (my version), but it’ll work like this. We don’t have the option to choose the separator and to make the string unique and to order by it we need to add DISTINCT in the command WM_CONCAT(DISTINCT column).

I hope that is useful and have a great day.

Oracle SQL for EPM Tips and Tricks S01EP10

Posted in ACE, Hacking, Oracle, Oracle Database, Performance, SQL, Tips and Tricks with tags , , , , , , on February 26, 2020 by RZGiampaoli

Hey guys how are you?

Today a quick tip that I think is very useful. From time to time the business ask us to validate if a table has data or not before we load it. It’s fare, specially if you use a truncate and insert approach.

The problem is, sometimes, the table/view they are asking for has millions of rows, and there’s no other safe way to validate if a table has data or not than querying it.

I just fixed a case where an interface had a validation that basically counts 3 different tables that together had 40 million rows per period. This validations were taking around 1000 sec to happens.

The data load that happens before that took 1200 sec. Then, basically the validation process were taking as much time as the load process.

After some changes, the query now is validating the 3 tables in 0.3 seconds. Way better than before. Basically I just used 3 things:

The hint /*+ FIRST_ROWS(1) */ that makes oracle prepare the best plan to query just one row (in my case since I used 1 as parameter.

The filter ROWNUM = 1 to make sure oracle just return 1 row, if we don’t use that, the hint can make everything very slow because oracle will be planning for just one row, but without filtering it’ll bring more (using the best plan possible for 1 row).

And UNION ALL instead of UNION, because there’s a huge difference between them. when you use UNION, oracle matches the sets of data to make sure you have unique rows after that. UNION ALL in other case, just bring everything each set return without any extra process to validate anything. UNION ALL is always faster than UNION.

In the end I have an query like this:

As you can see, the query is very simple and for this example I just had the name of the table there, then we know the table is not empty for that period. We can do other approach like summing then all together and validate if the results is = 3 for example or any other logic we need can be implemented on top of this query.

I hope this is helpful for you guys and see you in the next post.

Oracle SQL for EPM Tips and Tricks S01EP09

Posted in ACE, Hyperion Planning, Oracle, Oracle Database, Performance, Tips and Tricks with tags , , , , , , on February 19, 2020 by RZGiampaoli

Hey Guys how are you?

Today it’ll be a quick tip for you guys that like/need to query the Planning repository.

The Planning repository stores both the Plan Type and the Consolidation in a very particular way, in fact this is true for a lot of other things like security, form properties etc… but I’ll focus these 2, that are the more often used and the solution is the same for all of them anyways.

If we take a look in the HSP_PLAN_TYPE table we’ll have something similar to this (depending in how many plan types you have in your app).

As we can see Planning stores in this table all the plan types that were created when we setup the application. In my case I have 4 plan types and we can have up to 5 BSO plan types in a Planning app. Now, if we join the HSP_OBJECT and the HSP_MEMBER filtering the OBJECT_TYPE = 2 we can take a look in all the dimensions we set in the repository.

The USED_IN columns is the column that says to planning in witch plan type that member will exists. The interesting thing here is that, you don’t see the PLAN_TYPE ID that you supposed to right? And that is because a member can exists in more than 1 plan type right, and if we use the PLAN_TYPE ID straight, we would need one row for each plan type right?

Instead, we have just one row but we also have the ability to tell Planning where that member should exists, and we can do that by summing the PLAN_TYPE ID’s together. In the example above, the Account dimension exists in all 4 plan types (1+2+4+8 = 15). Now the Products dimension exists only in one plan type (1), and by the number you can say that is the Pnl Plan type.

you seen the idea here is to check if a PLAN_TYPE ID exists inside that number we have here in the USED_IN column. Another example is the Employee dimension that has the USED_IN set as 8. The only number that will fit in here is the 8 itself (1+2+4 = 7, 1+8 = 9…) meaning the Plan type is WrkForce.

I think the most used way for us to figure out if a number exists inside another number is to use MOD.

  • CASE WHEN MOD(USED_IN,2)>=1 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END PT_1
  • CASE WHEN MOD(USED_IN,4)>=2 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END PT_2
  • CASE WHEN MOD(USED_IN,8)>=4 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END PT_3
  • CASE WHEN MOD(USED_IN,16)>=8 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END PT_4
  • CASE WHEN MOD(USED_IN,32)>=16 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END PT_5

The Oracle MOD(N,M) is used to return the remainder of a dividend divided by a divisor where:

NDividend.
MDivisor.
Pictorial Presentation of MOD() function

Then in our case, we need to test if the USED_IN number contains the PLAN_TYPE ID on it, and for that we need to MOD it by rolling sum of the plan types + 1. To make it easier I’ll put that in numbers:

  • N = USED_IN = 31 (max number possible)
  • M = PLAN_TYPE ID = 1 (Pnl) what I want to test) + 1 = 2
  • MODE (31, 2) = 1
  • 31/2 = 15 Reminder = 1
  • MOD = 1

What that is telling us is that if the MOD is = 1, the Plan type 1 exists in that number. I run a simulation just to show us when the Plan Type 1 does not exists in the USED_IN:

As we can see, the Plan Type 1 only exists in the odd possible results (as expected) what means in any other possible combination of the other 4 plan types he doesn’t exists (2, 4, 2+4=6, 8, 8+2=10, 8+4=12, 8+2+4=14, 16, 16+2=18, 16+4=20, 16+2+4=22, 16+8=24, 16+8+2=26, 16+8+4=28, 16+8+2+4=30).

The same is true for the other Plan types, you can try then out using the MOD. Now, this work well but there’s a way easier and clean way to do exactly the same thing using the function BITAND.

The BITAND function treats its inputs and its output as vectors of bits, the output is the bitwise AND of the inputs. Basically it performs below steps.

  • Converts the inputs into binary.
  • Performs a standard bitwise AND operation on these two strings.
  • Converts the binary result back into decimal and returns the value.

Ok, it looks more complicated now, but the good news is that to use is simpler than it sounds like. The main difference between this function and MOD is that MOD returns a boolean, BITAND return the value you asked if it’s true. Expanding my previous test using BITAND:

As you can see, with BITAND returning the number you asked for instead of 0 or 1 make it possible for us to Join the HSP_PLAN_TYPE with HSP_MEMBER using the USED_IN and the PLAN_TYPE in the BITAND Function as a Join:

As you can see, this is a far better way to split the members by Plan Type. And now we can see that the Dimension Products only exists in the Plan Type Pnl and that Entity exists in 4 different plan types. We don’t need to worry about any mathematics formula to create all our MODs, we just need to Join our Plan Type table with the BITAND of USED_IN by PLAN_TYPE.

The Consolidation is another place where you can use the exactly same thing. Instead of using something like this:

  • DECODE(MOD(CONSOL_OP,8),’0′,’+’,’1′,’-‘,’2′,’*’,’3′,’/’,’4′,’%’,’5′,’~’,’6′,’Never’,CONSOL_OP) CON1
  • DECODE(MOD(TRUNC(CONSOL_OP/8),8),’0′,’+’,’1′,’-‘,’2′,’*’,’3′,’/’,’4′,’%’,’5′,’~’,’6′,’Never’,CONSOL_OP) CON2
  • DECODE(MOD(TRUNC(CONSOL_OP/64),8),’0′,’+’,’1′,’-‘,’2′,’*’,’3′,’/’,’4′,’%’,’5′,’~’,’6′,’Never’,CONSOL_OP) CON3
  • DECODE(MOD(TRUNC(CONSOL_OP/512),8),’0′,’+’,’1′,’-‘,’2′,’*’,’3′,’/’,’4′,’%’,’5′,’~’,’6′,’Never’,CONSOL_OP) CON4
  • DECODE(MOD(TRUNC(CONSOL_OP/4096),8),’0′,’+’,’1′,’-‘,’2′,’*’,’3′,’/’,’4′,’%’,’5′,’~’,’6′,’Never’,CONSOL_OP) CON5

You can create a parameter table with the values for each kind of consolidation and use BITAND with that info:

I hope you this will be useful for you guys and see you soon.

ORACLE SQL for EPM tips and tricks S01EP01!

Posted in DEVEPM, ETL, Oracle, Oracle Database, Performance, SQL, Tips and Tricks, Uncategorized, WITH Clause with tags , , , , , , on January 21, 2019 by RZGiampaoli

Hey guys how are you? I decide to start a new series called ORACLE SQL for EPM tips and tricks. The idea here is to show the most useful SQL commands for EPM, how to improve performance, tips, tricks and everything that can be useful from a SQL point of view!

And to start well, I’ll show something very old but very useful that I don’t see too many people using these days. “WITH” clause.

I love to use “WITH” in my code. It helps organize the code, helps to optimize it and more important, to make it more efficient.

When you use “WITH” Oracle treats your query inside it as an inline view or resolved as a temporary table, making it easier and faster for Oracle to access that data if you need it again.

Simply putting, every time you needs to right a query that uses the same table over and over, it’ll probably be way more efficient if you use “WITH”.

The “WITH”clause works a little bit different from a regular SQL. We can say that we split the query in 2, one is the “WITH” declaration (That will behave like a table) and the other is the SQL that will Query the “WITH”.

WITH name_of_temp_table_here AS
(
    YOUR QUERY HERE
),
   name_of_temp_table_here2 AS
(
   SELECT *
   FROM name_of_temp_table_here, another_table...
)
SELECT *
FROM name_of_temp_table_here, name_of_temp_table_here2 

In the “WITH” you can have any kind of query you want. You can do joins, group by, you can also have more than one “WITH”, you can use the result of one “WITH” in the next “WITH”, you can do a lot of things.

But for now, lets take a look in a more real example. Let’s say that you have a table like I do, that contains all metadata from all yours applications:

Let’s say you want to get the Parent of a attribute that is associated with your Entity dimension. You probably will be doing something like this:

In the “FROM” we call the table 2 times and we join and filter everything we need. Since we don’t have attribute association in all levels we do a “Left Join” to make sure all Entities comes in the query. If we run a Explain Plan now we’ll get something like this:

As you can see, Oracle is querying the METADATA_EXTRACT table twice and each time it’s doing a FULL in one Partition (‘ENTITY’ and ‘PHYSICAL_GEOGRAPHY’ partitions).

Now, if we change the query (and we can do it in different ways, this is just one of them) to a “WITH” clause we ‘ll have something like this:

As you can see, we achieved the same results with the code a little bit different. Now I have all my filters in the “WITH” query and in the bottom I just call the “WITH” query 2 times and do what needs to be done.

If we run a Explain Plain now we will have:

As you can see, Oracle now is querying the METADATA_EXTRACT table just once and then his queries the SYS.SYS TEMP table twice. The only problem with this query and the way I did is that since we are creating a temporary table filtering 2 partitions and then later I’m filtering again, it’s basically doing 2 FULL scan in the same TEMP table, and even so, it’s a few seconds faster then the original query.

But this is just an example on how we can reduce the amount of times that Oracle needs to query a table. WITH is not a miracle clause or anything like that, is just another tool that we can use to optimize our code, and its performance needs to be evaluated in a case-by-case basis.

And even if the performance doesn’t change, I believe using “WITH” clause makes any query easier to ready, to test, to update and to right since you can divide your huge query in small bits and then join
everything in the bottom query.

“WITH” is a huge subject and we’ll be talking more about it in the next post, and this time we’ll be improving performance as well using “WITH” with “CONNECT BY”.

Oracle Database Developer Choice Awards!

Posted in ACE, Oracle Database, OTN with tags , , , , , , , , , on September 28, 2015 by RZGiampaoli

Hi guys, just an important reminder…

The Oracle Database Developer Choice Awards vote period is almost in the end! Please vote for your favorite community experts in SQL, PL/SQL, APEX, ORDS, DB Design!

Voting closes 15 October #odevchoice https://community.oracle.com/community/database/awards

For people that doesn’t know what this is all about here’s the Oracle announcement 🙂

You are part of an enormous, worldwide community of Oracle Database technologists, with deep expertise in a variety of areas. And you have likely heard of Andy Mendelsohn, who runs the Database Server Technologies group at Oracle, and has been deeply involved in Oracle Database for decades. This year, Andy has established a new awards program to honor and give more visibility to members of the community who combine technical excellence with a commitment to sharing their know-how with developers.

The Oracle Database Developer Choice Awards – https://community.oracle.com/community/database/awards

This is a different kind of awards program for Oracle; it’s called “Developer Choice” because with these awards, our users nominate people and ACE judges come up with a list of finalists. Thirty-two finalists have been selected in five categories: SQL, PL/SQL, Application Express, ORDS and Database Design.

Now it’s time for everyone in the community determine the winners by voting at the Oracle Technology Network: https://community.oracle.com/community/database/awards. Winners will be announced at the YesSQL celebration at Oracle Open World 2015 on 27 October.

That’s right. You get to help decide the winners: it’s by popular vote. So please take a moment to visit the awards page, check out the lists of finalists in each category and cast your vote!

These are the categories:

Categories

Don’t forget to vote. This is really important for the community.

Thanks you and see you soon!!

Vote today